Conclusion and references

The SAD NEWS model is just one example of a strategy to break bad news. It emphasizes the need to prepare yourself and the setting, to sit down with the patient, to ask what the patient knows before imparting the bad news, deliver the bad news without fancy lingo, to expect and respond to emotion and to wait until the patient is ready to move on. Lastly, it is important to provide support for the patient and to answer all of his/her questions and address their concerns before leaving them.

Other models include: