Congratulations! You have now completed the DRE & Anoscopy Module.



  • This module was written and developed by Nicole Rocca for the Queen's University Faculty of Health Sciences Patient Simulation Lab.
  • Contributors: Dr. Paul Belliveau and Dr. Linda O'Connor
  • The module was created using exe :eLearning XHTML editor with support from Lynel Jackson and the Queen's University School of Medicine MedTech Unit.


This module is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives license. The module may be redistributed and used provided that credit is given to the author and it is used for non-commercial purposes only. The contents of this presentation cannot be changed or used individually. For more information on the Creative Commons license model and the specific terms of this license, please visit


  1. Muller AF: Proctoscopy, Sigmoidoscopy, and Rectal Biopsy. In Toghill PJ(eds): Essential Medical Procedures. New York, Arnold, 1997, p 48-52.
  2. Barnes J: Proctoscopy, Sigmoidoscopy, and the Treatment of Piles. In Brown JS(eds): Procedures in General Practice. London, BMJ, 1997, p 132-142.
  3. Jones DJ: Proctoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy. In Scott N(eds): Procedures in Practice. London, BMJ, 1994, p 244-252.
  4. Tuggy ML, Garcia J. Procedures Consult. Anoscopy. 2007, Elsevier Inc.
  5. The content of this module was based, in part, on the Queen's Physical Examination Manual, 5th edition, Queen's University Clinical Skills Program 2007.